The calendar cycle of national holidays and ceremonies of the Tatar people begins with Nauruz celebrated on the day of the spring equinox (March 21). Shakirds (madrasah students) visited all houses with songs - wishes of well-being and health and received a treatment from the owners.
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The beginning of the summer was the time of jiyens - special holidays of meeting relatives, who came the day before and stayed for 3-4 days. The evening passed in youth outdoor fetes with songs and dances, round dances and cheerful games, young people got acquainted, future marriages were planned.
Uraza-bairam is celebrated at the end of a 30-day fast in Ramadan. Having tried sweets in the morning, Muslims go to the mosque, and in the evening arrange the family feast.
Since 1992 two religious holidays Kurban-bairam and Christmas are included in Tatarstan's calendar of public holidays. Sabantui is traditionally celebrated.
New holidays reflecting social and political changes were added to the national ones. The main of them is the Day of Republic on August 30. On this very day in 1990, Tatarstan adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty. The Day of Republic combine both ancient traditions and the present. It is a memory of the past and aspiration to the future. On this day, cities and villages of the republic flourish, all multinational Tatarstan people get together to see the festival open-air performance with historical customs and traditions, horse races, national wrestling, ensembles of ancient instruments and folklore groups performances.